What is Anxiety?
Anxiety is a state of physiological and psychological arousal when a person faces a stressful situation.
What is an Anxiety Disorder?
Sometimes the feeling of anxiety becomes prolonged. At times it is in excess when compared to the intensity of stressor (situation / thing which causes stress). Or, it causes disturbance in everyday functioning, or a deterioration in performance. This condition is known as an Anxiety Disorder.
What are the types of Anxiety Disorder?
Specific Phobia –
Excessive fear of specific things/ objects/ situations like spider, injection, height.
Social Phobia –
Excessive fear of social situations, or having to perform in public.
Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia –
Recurrently experiencing a panic attack . Panick Attack symptoms include heart beating fast, breathing difficulty, feeling dizzy, feeling like the person is going to die or have a heart attack. Along with this there is a constant worry about when the next attack might come. There might be or might not be a fear of open spaces or places from which escape is not possible.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) –
Constant apprehension about something bad that might happen.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) –
At times when a person is exposed to trauma Anxiety disorder develops. The person might experience acute anxiety episodes whenever a trigger reminds him/her of the trauma. This might involve flashbacks, re-experiencing of traumatic event etc.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) –
Intrusive obsessive thoughts / images / feelings come to mind which cause significant levels of distress. Many times the person engages in mental or physical acts which brings a temporary relief. But again after a while the obsessive thought returns.